Marudzi emabhiza

Horse Breeds

Kune marudzi anopfuura 1,000 XNUMX emabhiza munyika. Mumwe nomumwe wavo ane nhoroondo yake yekwakabva, maitiro ekunze uye chinangwa. Vamiririri vemhando yepamusoro havana kungoita basa ravo chete, asiwo vakakunda menduru dzeOlympic.

Ndedzipi mhando dzemhando dzemabhiza dzakakamurwa kuita chinangwa chadzo? Kune mhando ina huru pakati pemhando dzemabhiza. Aya ndiwo marudzi ebhiza, akarembera, ane tambo dzinorema uye anotakura. Mamwe marudzi anogona kusanganisa akati wandei marudzi, akadai sebhiza uye paki.

Shire (ChiRungu heavy truck) - rudzi rwemabhiza anorema, ndewerudzi runorema. Yakazvarwa muEngland pakati pezana remakore rechi18, uye yekutanga studbook yakabudiswa muna 1878. Mabhiza emhando iyi akaendeswa kuU.SA, Australia neCanada.

shire

bhiza
Shire: Wikipedia

Chii chakasiyana nerudzi rwebhiza reShire? Idzi imhuka dzakasimba uye dzakasimba dzinokwanisa kudhonza mutoro mukuru. maererano nechiyero che

, kureba kweShire stallion yakakura iri pakati pe173 ne178 cm. Bhiza rine zenze gobvu uye mabhurasho pamakumbo aro. Inoda kugeza 2-3 nguva pavhiki. Ane hunhu hwakadzikama.

Dzaishandiswa muEngland kutakura mitoro mikuru, kukweva magwa mumigero uye mubasa rekurima.

Trakehner

Bhiza reTrakehner ibhiza remuGermany rinotasva uye rinodhirowa bhiza remitambo. Iri ndiro chete dzinza pakati pehafu-yerudzi iyo inoberekerwa mukuchena pasina ropa rekunze. Rudzi urwu rwakatanga kuberekwa muzana ramakore rechi 18 muEast Prussia mumusha weTrakenen. Yakagadzirirwa zvikwata zvevatasvi vemabhiza vePrussia.

bhiza
Trakehner: Wikipedia

Ndeupi musiyano uripo pakati peTrakehner horse breed? Aimbove bhiza rehondo rakakodzera kuita zvemitambo. Kureba kwehadzi pakusvava kunosvika 162-165 cm, muviri une kuoma kwakanaka uye mitsara yenguva dzose. Bhiza rinoberekwa muGermany, Europe, USA neNew Zealand. Anogona kuzivikanwa nemhando muchimiro chenyanga mbiri elk pachidya chake chekuruboshwe. Inoda kugara ichishambidzwa nekukweshwa.

Parizvino, trakenens mabhiza emitambo chete. Nekuda kwekudzikama kwavo, ivo vakakodzera kune ese ari maviri anoratidza kusvetuka uye dressage. Mhadzi dzemabhiza Pepel naAbdullah vakava shasha dzeOlympic.

Budennovskaya

Bhiza reBudennovskaya ibhiza rinotasva mabhiza. Yakazvarwa muna 1948 pamapurazi e stud. Budyonny nevamwe. Chekutanga Cavalry Army pasi peutungamiriri weSoviet mutungamiriri uye mupfuri webhiza Mikhail Chumakov.

Chii chinonzi peculiarity yebhiza Budyonnovsky? Bhiza rine musoro wakaoma, chifuva chakafara uye mhasuru dzakanyatsogadzirwa. Kureba kwayo kunosvika 165 cm, kureba kwemuviri - 163-165 cm. Mhuka dzinokurumidza uye dzakasimba. β€œ

” vanokwanisa kukunda 7 km mumaminitsi 8.5, uye zvinotora isingasviki maawa 70 kufamba makiromita 600.

mabhiza
Budennovskaya: Wikipedia

Chimiro cherudzi inzira yemombe yekukura. Kutanga, mhuru dzose dzakatsauka dzinobviswa pamombe. Gare gare, mapoka akasiyana anosikwa kubva kune vaduku, uye mienzaniso inokosha zvikuru inotumirwa kumapoka echitendero, kwaanodzidziswa kukwikwidzana kana kushandiswa nokuda kwebasa rokubereka.

Ruby

Bhiza reYakut ibhiza rekuzvarwa. inoparadzirwa muYakutia. Rudzi urwu rwakazvarwa nekusarudzwa kwevanhu, uye kwete nemumwe kana boka revaridzi. MaYakuts aingosarudza mabhiza asingatonhore chete ekuyambuka.

Chii chakasiyana cherudzi rwebhiza reYakut? Rudzi urwu runoshingirira chando zvakanyanya uye undercoat inosvika 15 cm. Bhiza reYakut rinogara kunze kwegore rose uye rinokwanisa kumira nechando kusvika -60 Β°C. Munguva yechando, inodya tebenevka (inofura pamafuro akafukidzwa nechando), ichichera chando nemahwanda ayo. Mabhiza anogara mumombe.

mabhiza muchando
Yakutskaya: Wikipedia

Kureba pakusvava kunosvika 143 cm, uremu - kusvika 500 kg. Iine muto wakakura, makumbo mapfupi uye musoro mukuru. Iyo inoshandiswa kutasva, koumiss inogadzirwa kubva mumukaka wemhare.

donskaya

Don (Cossack steppe) bhiza rudzi rweRussia rwekutasva uye kudhonza mabhiza. Yakazvarwa muna 1770 neataman. Rudzi urwu rwakavakirwa pamabhiza e steppe, pamwe nemhando dzekumabvazuva, dzakatorwa neCossacks panguva yeTurkey mishandirapamwe.

Chii chakasiyana nerudzi rwemabhiza eDon? Uyu musanganiswa wehurefu (kusvika 165 cm) uye kunaka pakuonekwa. Sutu yake inowanzova yegoridhe. Inochengeta zvakanakisa zvebhiza rebhiza rinochengetwa mumapoka.

mabhiza
Donskaya: Wikipedia

Nhasi inoshandiswa mumitambo, kurenda, kutyaira, kushanya, mumapurazi anotsigira. Inoparadzirwa muKyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia.

Mongolian

Bhiza reMongolia (aduu) rudzi rwekare rwemabhiza, chimiro chavo hachina kuchinja zvakanyanya kubva panguva yaGenghis Khan. Sekureva, bhiza rerudzi urwu rine chirevo chakakosha mutsika dzeMongolia.

Chii chakasiyana nerudzi rwebhiza reMongolia? Mhuka iyi haina kuzvikudza mukugadzirisa uye inogara mumugwagwa gore rose. Bhiza rakadzikama rinobvumira kutonhora kubva +30 Β° C kusvika -40 Β° C. Kureba kwavo kunosvika 125-135 cm. Chunky, ane musoro mukuru uye makumbo mapfupi.

bhiza
Mongolian: Wikipedia

Bhiza reMongolia rinoshandiswa sebhiza rinotasva. Mabhiza erudzi urwu anozivikanwa sehwaro hweuto raGenghis Khan. MuMongolia yemazuva ano, anoshandiswa mujaho wemabhiza, uye chinwiwa chenyika, airag, chinogadzirwa nemukaka wemboro.

Thoroughbred

bhiza rakazvarwa muEngland pakutanga kwezana remakore rechi17-18. Pakutanga yaive nezita rekuti Chirungu racing, asi yakazopihwa zita nekuda kwekuti yakatanga kurerwa pasi rose. Pasinei nezita racho, ihalf-breed uye yakazvarwa nekuyambuka nemhando dzakachena.

Ndechipi chinoshamisira chemhando yemhando inotasva bhiza? Mabhiza aya mumhanyi asingaenzaniswi uye anoshandiswa mujaho. Gallop nekumhanya kwe60 km / h ndiyo tsika yerudzi. Rekodhi repasi rose rebhiza rinonzi Winning Bru rakanyorwa mumarekodhi. Akawedzera kusvika ku70.76 km / h.

bhiza nejoki
Thoroughbred Wikipedia

Kureba kwemhuka pakusvava kunosvika 155-170 cm. Makumbo akaoma, akachena, ane mataurirwo etendon uye akakurumbira tsandanyama. Mhuka dzacho dzine chimiro chinoputika zvikuru, uye dzine simba rakanyanyisa. Vanoda mijaho yemazuva ese kuti vashandise simba rakawandisa. Mabhiza anoda kungwarira uye kudhura kutarisirwa uye kuchengetwa.

Friesian

Bhiza reFriesian rudzi rwechiDutch, "goridhe dema reHolland". Yakazvarwa muFriesland, yakatanga kutaurwa muzana remakore rechi13, ikozvino yakaberekerwa muEurope neAmerica. Mabhiza ane urefu hwe 150 kusvika 162 cm, ane chimiro chakanaka. Chinhu chisingakanganwiki ndeye mabhurashi akareba akareba pamakumbo, iyo inonzi friezes. Inokodzera kuchengetwa mumatanga, yakasarudzika mukudya.

bhiza dema
Friesian bhiza Wikipedia

Chii chakakosha pabhiza reFriesian? Kusvika iye zvino, friezes mabhiza ekushongedza. Vane simba, asi vane mwero uye vakadzikama. Kazhinji ivo vanoshandiswa kumitambo yemitambo kana yemitambo, mapikicha emifananidzo, akatorwa mu cinema.

Bhashkir

Bhiza reBashkir ibhiza rekuzvarwa reSouth Urals. Inozivikanwa kubva muzana remakore rechi17-18. Inonyanya kuzivikanwa muBashkortostan. Rudzi rweBashkir rwakamuka zvakasikwa. Idzi imhuka dzine undersized (kusvika 145 cm pakusvava). Masutu makuru: savrasaya, mbeva uye buckskin.

bhiza
Bashkir: Wikipedia

Ndeupi musiyano pakati pebhiza reBashkir? Pakutanga yakashandiswa muzvikwata zvevatasvi vemabhiza. Nhasi, rudzi urwu rwava sekurima pane kutasva. Barshkirs vanoshandisa mhuka kushanda mumapurazi, mukugadzirwa kwenyama nemukaka.

Rudzi urwu runogona kugara mumhepo yakavhurika patembiricha kubva +30 Β°C kusvika -40 Β°C uye kutsungirira madutu echando akanyanya. Bhachi gobvu uye refu remabhiza aya akasimba haridi kugara richikweshwa. Bhiza rakasimba, rakapiwa phlegmatic character. Bashkir troikas yainyatsozivikanwa, iyo inogona kuvhara kusvika kumakiromita 140 mumaawa masere pasina kuzorora.

Kabhadhiyeni

Iyo Kabardian, kana bhiza remugomo, nderimwe rekare remaAboriginal akadhonzwa nemabhiza ekumabvazuva ayo akarimwa nemaCircassians (Circassians). Ainzi Circassian, kuti arege kuvhiringidzwa nerudzi rweUkraine rwezita rimwe chete. Inoparadzirwa muBashkiria, Tatarstan uye Chelyabinsk nharaunda.

mabhiza
Wikipedia

Chii chakasiyana nerudzi rwebhiza reKabardian? Anochengeta mwero wake zvakanaka, nekuda kwaanoita achivimba mumakomo achitevedza nzira nhete, anokunda kumawere nekukwira. Kunyange ne 150 kg yekutakura, Kabardian inokwanisa kuvhara kusvika kumakiromita zana mumakomo marefu muzuva rimwe chete. Zvinoonekwa zvakasiyana kubva kune dzimwe mhando dzine makumbo ane tsandanyama uye chimiro chakakosha chemahwanda - "kapu".

Bhiza reKabardian rinokura pakusvava kusvika 152-157 cm. Nhasi, mabhiza anoshandiswa nevarindi vemuganhu, vatashanyi vemakomo akatasva mabhiza, kutasva. Inokodzera kuchengeta mombe.

Icelandic

Bhiza reIcelandic ibhiza pfupi, iro kureba pakusvava kunosvika 132 cm. Iine mavara akasiyana, kubva kune tsvuku kusvika kune bay. Vanhu vekuIceland vane mimvuri inosvika zana yeruvara rwemhuka. Rudzi urwu rwakaunzwa neVikings kuIceland mu100th-9th century, sezvo yaikwana nyore mungarava dzavo.

bhiza
Icelandic: Wikipedia

Ndeapi maitiro ebhiza reIcelandic? Aya mabhiza akachenjera zvikuru. Vane hutano hwakanaka hwemuviri, nekuda kwavanokunda nyore nyore chero zvipingamupinyi. Munguva yenhoroondo yavo, mhuka hadzina kumbobvira dzasangana nezvikara, saka dzinovimba nyore nemunhu, dzine hunhu hwakadzikama uye hushamwari. Inokodzera mombe.

Adaevskaya

Bhiza reAdai (Adaevskaya) rudzi rwechiAboriginal runotasva Kazakh, rwakanaka pasi pechigaro uye muhuni.

inonzi ndiko kwakaberekerwa bhiza . Nzvimbo huru yekuberekesa iri pakati peCaspian neAral Seas. Zita rerudzi urwu rakapihwa nerudzi rweAdai, rinogara munharaunda yeMangystau.

Ndeupi musiyano uripo pakati pebhiza reAdai? Bhiza idiki - kureba pakusvava kunosvika 136-140 cm, ine muviri wakaoma uye mhasuru dzakagadzirwa zvakanaka. Kusazvininipisa mune zvemukati, zvakagadzirirwa hupenyu mumombe. Inogona kugara isina mvura kwemazuva akawanda. Yakasimba kwazvo, inokwanisa kuramba ichimhanya kusvika 360 km.

mabhiza muchando
Wikipedia

Parizvino, mabhiza ane kudzikama uye maitiro akanaka anoshandiswa mumitambo ye equestrian. Vanobatanidzwa nyore nyore nevanhu, saka vakanaka pakudzidzisa vana kuchovha.

Mabhiza akashandira vanhu kwezviuru zvemakore. Vaishandiswa muhondo, vaitakura madzimambo mungoro, uye vaiva vabatsiri pakurima. Nhasi, mhuka dzinoshamisa dzinogona kuyemurwa mumitambo, kukwira mungoro kana kutasva bhiza.

Mhodzi dzeBhiza – Vhidhiyo